Provided by Our Friends at Pet Health Network
“Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.” Most of us have heard this phrase. Coined by the Greeks in the 3rd Century BC it implies that the perception of beauty is very subjective.
This week, through news and social media, we have been shown a prime example of this idea, by way of a dog called “Quasi modo.” Who stole hearts as the winner of The World’s Ugliest Dog Contest, held in Sonoma and Marin County, California. The 10 year old mutt, is much like her namesake, Quasimodo in Victor Hugo’s story, “The Hunchback of Notre Dame.” Judged for her different appearance, but whose appearance is no detriment to her personality and her love.
Although the honor is somewhat dubious, the competition actually applauds imperfection, and uniqueness. Quasi modo illustrates the fact that if you don’t know you are ugly, you can be beautiful.
But behind her unique beauty, is a lesser known health issue. So we thought it would be an excellent opportunity to not only celebrate Quasi, but also talk more about what makes her so unique.
What makes Quasi modo different?
Quasi modo’s body is very misshapen and, in fact, her deformity makes her look much like a baboon as she walks. In dogs and wolves, her condition has even been referred to as “Baboon Dog Syndrome,” because the front half of affected dogs reminds some of a baboon. Others are reminded of a pig or a bison!
What is short spine disease?
Quasi modo has a deformity caused by a birth defect called short spine disease/syndrome. According to the University of Sidney, Short Spine Disease is a severe shortening of the vertebral column caused by the compression off vertebrae. It results from the failure of the individual bones in the spine to calcify properly. With this condition, the vertebra remains largely cartilaginous and the body is extremely shortened so that the head appears attached to the shoulders, without a neck.
Like dwarfism, short spine disease affects bones and joints. Dwarfism (achondroplasia) results in a spine of normal length, but very short arms and legs. Short spine disease results in normal limbs, but a shortened spinal column. The condition is genetic in that it is associated with a genetic chromosomal abnormality, but does not appear to be inherited.
In humans the condition is called “short spine dysplasia” or brachyrachia.
As a result of recent media exposure, short spine disease is becoming better known, but it remains extremely uncommon. Fewer than a dozen affected dogs are known to exist in the world.
Can short spine disease cause problems?
Similar defects can occur in other animals, including humans. Dogs with this problem— although it can compress organs and cause health issues— generally can have normal lives, and normal life expectancies.
Short Spine Disease can limit range of motion. Most people who live with affected dogs say the dog does not seem to be in pain, but the pressure on internal organs resulting from abnormal positioning may result in abdominal discomfort. There is also, undoubtedly, some level of spinal pain, particularly if nerve roots are entrapped. There may also be shortness of breath and difficulty breathing if abnormal pressure on the lungs develops.
While some pet guardians might prefer a less unusual pet, others will count themselves lucky to have found their friend like Quasi modo. Actually, most of the affected dogs I know about have been adopted or rescued. Remember, “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.”