Water Flow in the Reef Aquarium

References from the 2013 Coral & Reef USA article “Current Thoughts.”

Fishchannel online exclusiveSelected References:

Anthony, K.R.N. 2000. “Enhanced particle-feeding capacity of corals on turbid reefs (Great Barrier Reef, Australia).” Coral Reefs. 19(1): 59–67.

Best, B.A. 1988. “Passive suspension feeding in a sea pen: effects of ambient flow on volume flow rate and filtering efficiency.” The Biological Bulletin. 175(3): 332–342.

Borell, E. M., A. R. Yuliantri, K. Bischof, and C. Richter. 2008. “The effect of heterotrophy on photosynthesis and tissue composition of two scleractinian corals under elevated temperature.” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 364: 116-123.

Fabricius, K. E. 2005. “Effects of terrestrial runoff on the ecology of corals and coral reefs: review and synthesis.” Marine Pollution Bulletin. 50(2): 125-146.

Fabricius, K. E., A. Genin and Y. Benayahu. 1995. “Flow-dependent herbivory and growth in zooxanthellae-free soft corals.” Limnology and Oceanography. 40(7): 1290–1301.

Heidelberg, K. B., K. P. Sebens and J. E. Purcell. 2004. “Composition and sources of near reef zooplankton on a Jamaican forereef along with implications for coral feeding.” Coral Reefs. 23(2): 263-276.

Leletkin, V.A. 2000. “The energy budget of coral polyps.” Russian Journal of Marine Biology. 26(6): 389–398

Lesser, M.P. 2004. “Experimental biology of coral reef ecosystems.” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 300 (1-2): 217-252.

Lesser, M.P. 2006. “Benthic–pelagic coupling on coral reefs: Feeding and growth of Caribbean sponges.” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 328(2): 277-288.

Lesser, M. P., M. Slattery and J. J. Leichter. 2009. “Ecology of mesophotic coral reefs.” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 375(1-2): 1-8.

Leversee, G. J. 1976. “Flow and feeding in fan-shaped colonies of the gorgonian coral, Leptogorgia.” The Biological Bulletin. 151(2): 344–356.

McClanahan, T., N. Polunin and T. Done. 2002. “Ecological states and the resilience of coral reefs.” Conservation Ecology. 6(2): 18.

Mills, M. M., F. Lipschultz and K. P. Sebens. 2004. “Particulate matter ingestion and associated nitrogen uptake by four species of scleractinian corals.” Coral Reefs. 23(3): 311-323.

Motro, R., I. Ayalon and A. Genin. 2005. “Near-bottom depletion of zooplankton over coral reefs: III: vertical gradient of predation pressure.” Coral Reefs. 24(1): 95-98.

Piniak, G. A. and F. Lipschultz. 2004. “Effects of nutritional history on nitrogen assimilation in congeneric temperate and tropical scleractinian corals.” Marine Biology. 145(6) (June 25): 1085-1096.

Piniak, G. A., F. Lipschultz and J. McClelland. 2003. “Assimilation and partitioning of prey nitrogen within two anthozoans and their endosymbiotic zooxanthellae.” Marine Ecology Progress Series. 262: 125–136.

Ribes, M., R. Coma and J. M. Gili. 1998. “Heterotrophic feeding by gorgonian corals with symbiotic zooxanthella.” Limnology and Oceanography. 43: 1170–1179.

Ribes, M., R. Coma and S. Rossi. 2003. “Natural feeding of the temperate asymbiotic octocoral-gorgonian Leptogorgia sarmentosa (Cnidaria: Octocorallia).” Marine Ecology Progress Series. 254: 141–150.

Rossi, S., M. Ribes, R. Coma and J.-M. Gili. 2004. “Temporal variability in zooplankton prey capture rate of the passive suspension feeder Leptogorgia sarmentosa (Cnidaria: Octocorallia), a case study.” Marine Biology. 144(1): 89-99.

Rossi, S., M. J. Snyder and J.-M. Gili. 2005. “Protein, carbohydrate, lipid concentrations and HSP 70–HSP 90 (stress protein) expression over an annual cycle: useful tools to detect feeding constraints in a benthic suspension feeder.” Helgoland Marine Research. 60(1): 7-17.

Sebens, K. P., S. P. Grace, B. Helmuth, E. J. Maney, Jr. and J. S. Miles. 1998. “Water flow and prey capture by three scleractinian corals, Madracis mirabilis, Montastrea cavernosa and Porites porites, in a field enclosure.” Marine Biology. 131(2): 347–360.

Sebens,, K. P., B. Helmuth, E. Carrington and Agius, B. 2003. “Effects of water flow on growth and energetics of the scleractinian coral Agaricia tenuifolia in Belize.” Coral Reefs. 22: 35-47.

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