If you are a cichlid lover, you will certainly be thrilled by two new cichlid species that were discovered in Peru in 2013. They were both just described in the journal Vertebrate Zoology.
Apistogramma wolli, a cichlid from Peru is a medium sized cichlid, with males measuring around 62mm and females measuring around 40mm. It is different from other known Apistogramma species due to the massive jaws of the male along with yellow lips, a dorsal fin with serrated membranes and a small squarish lateral caudal spot. The spot on the female is larger than the spot on the male.
Apistogramma feconat is a smaller cichlid, also from Peru. Males are around 40mm in length and females are 36mm in length. It differs from other Apistogramma species in that the males have a large head that is yellow to orange in coloration, a metallic blue or pinkish body, gray lips, and a bluish or pinkish dorsal fin. Its caudal fin is rounded and is bright orange or reddish in coloration. The females have a large lateral spot that is is in the center of its body. It sports a lateral stripe near the back of the eye that curves and has a black spot at the base and into the caudal fin.
According to the scientists who published the paper, both Apistogramma wolli and A. feconat should probably be considered potentially endangered due in part to their restricted distribution in the Loreto region of Peru. Potential threats to these species include gold mining and oil drilling in the Amazonian lowlands.
The complete paper can be read on Vertebrate Zoology website.