Do you live in a small place? Do you want to branch out from cats and dogs and get a one-of-a-kind pet? Look no further than the small pet birds. These feathery pets are often as cuddly as kittens and as affectionate as dogs. Better yet, they often can be taught to whistle and even talk!
Also, they’re typically less expensive than other pets, says Tiffany Latino, owner of The Bird Shop in Sacramento, California. Compared to the hundreds of dollars spent on setting up a dog or cat in your home, the cost of bringing home a small pet bird is far less. And that’s not their only perks.
“They’re less noisy, they don’t take up as much space, and they make great pets,” Latino says.
So if you’re interested in a pet bird, which one should you bring home? You can’t go wrong with these five small birds.
Cockatiels are one of the most popular pet birds in America. These cuddly parrots are silky soft thanks to what’s called powder down, which helps keep their feathers waterproof. Cockatiels are one of the most easy-going of the small pet birds, just as content with whistling to themselves in a mirror as they are riding around on your shoulder.
Male cockatiels are amazing whistlers, too — check out any cockatiel video on YouTube — and can be taught any number of songs. Females aren’t known for the extravagant whistling of their male counterparts, but they are no less affectionate or cuddly. Cockatiels can live up to 20 years, and their full size is about 13 inches long from beak to the tip of tail feathers.
Common Cockatiel Colors
Cockatiels come in many colors. Their normal color is gray; the other colors are a result of mutations.
- Gray Cockatiels (also known as nominal): This is the normal color of cockatiels, like ones you’ll see in their native Australia habitat. They are gray with a splash of white on their wings and have a yellow face with orange cheek patches.
- Pied Cockatiels: A mutation that results in a pattern of gray and white blotches on the bird’s wings. There are variations of pied cockatiels.
- Pearl Cockatiels: A mutation that results in white and yellow scalloped shape patterns on the bird’s wing feathers.
- Cinnamon Cockatiels: A mutation that results in more brown than gray tones.
- Albino Cockatiels: A mutation in which the cocktail is all white with black eyes.
- Lutino Cockatiels: A mutation that results in a yellow-white color with orange cheek patches and red eyes.
There are also variations of mutations, such as pearl-pied, cinnamon-pearl, lutino pied, etc.
2. Parakeets (Budgerigars)
Perhaps the most popular pet bird in the world, the parakeet, or budgerigar, is also one of the best talking parrots. A budgie even reportedly holds the world record for the largest vocabulary of any bird at 1,728 words. The only problem? It can be incredibly hard to hear them with their teeny-tiny voices.
They’re also incredibly active little birds, especially compared to their fellow Australian cousins, the cockatiels. Don’t be surprised to see them bouncing from perch to perch, banging around a bell like it offended them or throwing their food around to find their favorite pieces. When they do settle down for a nap, try to listen in on them: Often they’ll practice the words and sounds they’ve learned while dozing.
Parakeets are one of the few parrots where it’s generally easy to see which ones are males and females. Males have blue to purple “ceres,” which the part right above their beaks where their nostrils are. Females have brown to pink ceres, though sometimes there may be hints of blue, too. Unfortunately, this sexing technique can’t be used on young parakeets, as the cere turns colors when they reach sexual maturity. And male budgies sometimes have pinkish ceres depending on their overall color. If you want to know what your parakeet is, the best way is to tell is to use a DNA test.
You’ll often see in pets stores what is commonly known as the American budgie. They have slim bodies and come in a variety of colors, from blues, to greens, whites and yellows. English budgerigars are larger than the American parakeets, which are much closer in size and features to the wild Australian budgerigar. English budgies typically are the birds seen in exhibitions and shows, but they are just as good as pets as their smaller counterparts. Both types of parakeets can live up to 10 years.
If you are more of a hands-off pet owner, a canary might be perfect for you. Canaries with their gentle natures and sweet sounds can appeal to any person, even though they don’t typically like to be held.
“People enjoy watching them,” Latino says.
Canaries are popular for another reason: The males are amazing singers, and can fill a house with bird songs during spring. If you have two male canaries, they’ll even compete with each other to produce the best song. However, the two must be in separate cages or they will fight during the breeding season. Outside the breeding season, it’s possible to keep them together but not recommended.
Female canaries aren’t singers, but they do make adorable chirping noises. Unlike males, females can be kept together without any problems. Avoid keeping male and female canaries together, especially if you want to avoid baby canaries.
Canaries come in a variety of colors, from pure yellow, bright red, brown and yellow, to pure white. There are also different type of canaries: Some have sleek feathers, while others have feathers that look like a mop top. Their lifespan is around 10 years.
Finches have been kept as pets for many years. The first domesticated finch was most likely the Bengalese or society finch, which are still popular today. Finches, like their cousins, the canaries, are hands-off pets, but can bring delight to any household. They are incredibly popular for their chirps and songs, their variety of colors and personalities. They are also easy to care for, with lifespans around 10 years.
One of the most popular finches is the zebra finch, which are gray and white birds with bright orange beaks and, in males, orange cheek patches. Society finches, which have a known for their gentle natures, and the Lady Gouldian finches, which come in eye-popping colors, are also very popular.
Unlike canaries, finches need to be kept with at least one other finch. They are incredibly social animals, and need to stay together. Due to their tiny size, it’s easy to keep a whole group of finches together in a bird cage; however, you should try to only have the same species together. Certain finch species may pick on another species if given the chance.
5. Green-Cheeked Conures
Rounding out our top five list is the green-cheeked conure, a small parrot that is native to South America. Green-cheeked conures have been described by some as the perfect pet bird, and great family birds, too. They are active little parrots who love to play with their toys, go exploring and wrestling with your finger or another conure. When they’re settling down for a nap, they’ll gladly cuddle up on your shoulder or under your chin.
These rambunctious parrots are on the quieter side compared to other conures, and can even learn to talk. They are also highly intelligent and can be taught a variety of tricks, such as putting a toy basketball in a hoop. Their curiosity and intelligence should be fed with puzzle toys and foraging items.
When bringing home a green-cheeked conure, plan for the long term. Green-cheeked conures live for a long time — up to 30 years! They’ll be part of your family for a long time — maybe even a couple generations of family!
What small pet bird do you recommend? Let us know in the comments.