The Federación Canófila Mexicana is an internationally recognized nonprofit organization whose mission is to promote and foster the different activities in which purebred dogs participate for the benefit of man, promote the breeding of purebred dogs, and integrate scientific research, veterinary care and husbandry activities.
“The Federación Canófila Mexicana is a major project that began with the dreams and hard work of an enthusiastic group of dog fans that, after almost 74 years, managed to crystallize their dreams into a strong institution with significant and sustained growth,” says Dr. José Luis Payró, Chairman of the Board of the FCM.
Dr. Payró reveals that currently the FCM has about 60,000 members throughout Mexico. Members can enjoy and use FCM facilities consisting of offices, a library, reading room, auditorium, exhibition park, records center and an exhibition center located near the Cerro Ajusco, and other services such as a specialty veterinary clinic and a sperm bank.
The FCM, which has 50 affiliated clubs across the country, organizes about 270 dog shows annually (that includes all-breed, Group and specialized breed shows). Mexican dog activities are the third largest in Latin America, and each year the FCM registers about 65,000 dogs and 60,000 litters. It also organizes competitions of obedience, agility, French ring, Frisbee and Schutzhund dog.
There are other activities that the FCM promotes to achieve practical use of dogs in the service of man, including guide dogs for the blind, police dogs, military dogs (drug and explosive detectors), security dogs, hunting dogs, tracking dogs, companionship dogs, assistance dogs, disaster rescue dogs and sporting dogs in general. The protection of animals, especially dogs, is also one of the priorities of the FCM.
Dog Shows in Mexico
As a member of the FCI, the FCM integrates all dog breeds into 10 Groups and uses the breed standards of this organization. It is critical that judges from non-FCI-member countries adhere to these standards while judging. This clarification is relevant because about 80 percent of the judges who come to Mexico are of US and Canadian origin, who donÕt normally follow the regulations and standards of the FCI. Judges from the US and Canada sometimes judge the breeds with an “American eye,” which is a big mistake in an FCI show.
Judging in Mexico is a challenge. Some specimens are from 100-percent American bloodlines, some from 100-percent European lines and in some cases we find a blend of both, but the important thing to remember is that Mexico is a member of the FCI.
The classification of Groups in Mexico is:
Group I. Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
Group II. Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoid Breeds, Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
Group III. Terriers
Group IV. Dachshunds (Teckels)
Group V. Spitz and Primitive Types
Group VI. Scenthounds and Related Breeds
Group VII. Pointing Dogs
Group VIII. Retrievers, Flushing Dogs and Water Dogs
Group IX. Companion and Toy Dogs
Group X. Sighthounds
The basic difference between AKC and FCI shows is that specimens are compared individually and evaluated against their breed standard to earn the national championship certificate (CACM). The CACM may be granted even if there are no other dogs of the same breed present. Dogs in Mexican conformation rings are also graded with Excellent, Very Good, Good and Sufficient ratings. Only qualified individuals with an Excellent rating pass to the next round and compete for the CACM.
For a Mexican dog to become a champion, it needs to be more than 15 months old and have earned eight (CACM) certificates with an Excellent rating awarded by eight different judges.
In Mexico there is no Best of Winners awarded. Winners Dog and Winners Bitch compete with the champions and are eligible to go Best of Breed, as they are in the US and Canada. Another major award is the Best Puppy B (dogs aged 6 to 9 months) and Best Young Dog of Breed (dogs between 9 months and one day to 18 months old).
To promote the participation of dogs from other countries, foreign dogs competing in Mexico need to earn only four (CACM) Certificates to get the Mexican championship.
Derived from an agreement with the AKC, the FCM allows new breeds recognized by the AKC (and not by the FCI) to compete for the Mexican championship, valid only in Mexico, with the understanding that they cannot compete for any international title. These breeds include the American English Coonhound, American Eskimo Dog, Bluetick Coonhound, Boykin Spaniel, Plott, Toy Fox Terrier and Treeing Walker Coonhound.
From the November 2013 issue of Dogs in Review magazine. Purchase the November 2013 digital back issue with the DIR app or subscribe to receive 12 months of Dogs in Review magazine (print and digital versions).