We all know that kids suffer from separation anxiety when their parents leave home without them. But did you know that cats also experience separation anxiety?
Picture this: You’re leaving for work, you grab your keys and head toward the door, all the while your cat is following closely, meowing loudly non-stop. At the end of the day, you come home to find your cat has left signs he is upset. The litter box is clean, but nothing else is …
Signs of Separation Anxiety in Cats
Some cats bond so closely with their humans that being left alone causes them great distress.
Your cat could be suffering from separation anxiety if he:
- Uses excessive vocalization when you are leaving
- Urinates outside the box or defecates on clothing or bedding while you’re gone
- Begins scratching on doors or window frames when he is alone
- Becomes anxious to the point of vomiting when you are away
- Over-grooms or refuses to eat when you aren’t there
- Greets you over-exuberantly when you return home
As the sensitive creatures they are, expressions of anxiety in cats happen in some subtle, and not so subtle, ways. It might feel as if your cat is punishing you for leaving, when in reality his behavior is meant to self-soothe and bring him comfort.
Why Cats Have Separation Issues
It’s not uncommon for cats orphaned as very young kittens, or who were weaned from their mothers much too soon, to develop separation issues and unusually strong attachments to their humans. Parting with their mothers at such a tender age may create lifelong feelings of abandonment. Many years ago, I had a kitty named Precious, who at the age of 4 weeks was found crying under a bush. She became very bonded to me, and she’d hide all day while I was at work. Even my pet sitter never saw her.
Cats who are not fully socialized may also exhibit signs of distress when their human leaves the house. If a cat has only been exposed to one or two people, then it is probable he will feel nervous while home alone without that person, especially if it’s for a prolonged period.
Likewise, a cat who has no stimulation at home, apart from interaction with his human, could also have problems separating. Kitty may be so bored and lonely that he feels stressed when home alone. I’ve conducted more than a few behavior sessions in places where you would never know a cat lived. No cat trees, no toys, no window perches equals no fun for a cat.
It’s important to note that health-related concerns could be the true cause for your cat’s actions, and not separation anxiety at all. A trip to your veterinarian to rule out a physical cause for your cat’s behavior would be a good first step in getting to the bottom of his actions.
Solutions For Feline Separation Anxiety
Once health issues have been ruled out and it’s apparent your cat is having problems separating from you, there are things you can do to make it easier for you both:
A cat experiencing separation issues is conditioned to become upset when he sees certain actions or items that tell him you are leaving. The idea is to desensitize your cat to these items and actions so they no longer have meaning to him. For example, pulling out your suitcases to pack for vacation or simply putting on your coat and pulling out your keys could trigger his anxiety. He knows you are about to exit the home when he sees these items. Try leaving your suitcase out at a time when you aren’t traveling. Pull out your keys a few times a day, but don’t go anywhere. Leave your jacket out for a few days. Soon these cues will lose their power and your cat won’t become quite so anxious to see them. When you do leave the house, make a point to distract your cat with some treats or a toy before quietly slipping out the door, without any long good-byes.
Organize your cat’s surroundings so he has fun things to do when he is alone. Add a cat tree so he can sit up high to view his world. Treat balls filled with his favorite snacks will keep him busy for hours, as will hiding goodies in several places around the house. Placing bird feeders by your cat’s favorite window perch will also keep him entertained. If he is an only cat, you might want to consider getting him a friend. He won’t even notice that you’re gone!
Music or Television
Leave some soft music playing or a television on low volume so your cat doesn’t feel like he is alone. Videos showing birds or colorful butterflies will keep him glued to the television for hours.
Exposure to Other People
If your cat isn’t used to anyone else being around but you, he could become fearful of others. Have a few friends come over from time to time, and let them offer your cat a favorite treat or toy. It might take a few repeated attempts before he is brave enough to come near, so be patient. Getting him used to other people will make him a less anxious cat overall, and will help him to accept other caregivers when you go away on vacations.
In very extreme cases of separation anxiety, medication may be needed before your cat will respond to the above steps. If nothing you’ve tried so far has quelled his anxiety, talk with your veterinarian to determine the best course of action for you and your cat.
Helping your cat to become less upset when separated from you may take some work, but soon he will be a happy cat even when you are away. Of course, he will always be at his happiest when you are both at home and snuggling together.