Golden Retriever Training Basic Commands

Here we describe the basic commands for the beginning steps in training your golden retriever dog.

Excerpts from Comprehensive Owner’s Guide: Golden Retrievers

Now it is time to apply our positive training methods to actual obedience commands. Do not become disheartened if your Golden doesn’t pick up his first lesson or two immediately. Every dog is different, and some dogs learn instantly and others require repetition and patience. Do not give up on a command until the dog has learned it. Remember to keep lessons upbeat by using a happy, energized voice. Your dog doesn’t know the word “sit” or “down” (yet!), but he does recognize your tone of voice. Sometimes in life (and dog training) it’s not what you say— it’s how you say it. This life mantra applies to training dogs as well.

Now that you have the dog’s attention, attach his lead and hold it in your left hand and a food treat in your right. Place your food hand at the dog’s nose and let him lick the treat but not take it from you. Say “Sit” and slowly raise your food hand from in front of the dog’s nose up over his head so that he is looking at the ceiling. As he bends his head upward, he will have to bend his knees to maintain his balance. As he bends his knees, he will assume a sit position. At that point, release the food treat and praise lavishly with comments such as “Good dog! Good sit!”, etc. Remember to always praise enthusiastically, because dogs relish verbal praise from their owners and feel so proud of themselves whenever they accomplish a behavior.

You will not use food forever in getting the dog to obey your commands. Food is only used to teach new behaviors, and once the dog knows what you want when you give a specific command, you will wean him off of the food treats but still maintain the verbal praise. After all, you will always have your voice with you, and there will be many times when you have no food rewards but expect the dog to obey.

Teaching the down exercise is easy when you understand how the dog perceives the down position, and it is very difficult when you do not. Dogs perceive the down position as a submissive one, therefore teaching the down exercise using a forceful method can sometimes make the dog develop such a fear of the down that he either runs away when you say “Down” or he attempts to bite the person who tries to force him down.

Have the dog sit close alongside your left leg, facing in the same direction as you are. Hold the lead in your left hand and a food treat in your right. Now place your left hand lightly on the top of the dog’s shoulders where they meet above the spinal cord. Do not push down on the dog’s shoulders; simply rest your left hand there so you can guide the dog to lie down close to your left leg rather than to swing away from your side when he drops.

Now place the food hand at the dog’s nose, say “Down” very softly (almost a whisper), and slowly lower the food hand to the dog’s front feet. When the food hand reaches the floor, begin moving it forward along the floor in front of the dog. Keep talking softly to the dog, saying things like, “Do you want this treat? You can do this, good dog.” Your reassuring tone of voice will help calm the dog as he tries to follow the food hand in order to get the treat.

When the dog’s elbows touch the floor, release the food and praise softly. Try to get the dog to maintain that down position for several seconds before you let him sit up again. The goal here is to get the dog to settle down and not feel threatened in the down position.

It is easy to teach the dog to stay in either a sit or a down position. Again, we use food and praise during the teaching process as we help the dog to understand exactly what it is that we are expecting him to do.

To teach the sit/stay, start with the dog sitting on your left side as before and hold the lead in your left hand. Have a food treat in your right hand and place your food hand at the dog’s nose. Say “Stay” and step out on your right foot to stand directly in front of the dog, toe to toe, as he licks and nibbles the treat. Be sure to keep his head facing upward to maintain the sit position. Count to five and then swing around to stand next to the dog again with him on your left. As soon as you get back to the original position, release the food and praise lavishly.

To teach the down/stay, do the down as previously described. As soon as the dog lies down, say “Stay” and step out on your right foot just as you did in the sit/stay. Count to five and then return to stand beside the dog with him on your left side. Release the treat and praise as always.

Within a week or ten days, you can begin to add a bit of distance between you and your dog when you leave him. When you do, use your left hand open with the palm facing the dog as a stay signal, much the same as the hand signal a police officer uses to stop traffic at an intersection. Hold the food treat in your right hand as before, but this time the food is not touching the dog’s nose. He will watch the food hand and quickly learn that he is going to get that treat as soon as you return to his side.

When you can stand 3 feet away from your dog for 30 seconds, you can then begin building time and distance in both stays. Eventually, the dog can be expected to remain in the stay position for prolonged periods of time until you return to him or call him to you. Always praise lavishly when he stays.

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Golden Retriever Training Basic Commands 2

Excerpts from Comprehensive Owner’s Guide: Golden Retrievers

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Behavior and Training · Dogs