Infectious diseases: Bacterial infections causing cystitis (inflammation of the bladder), prostatitis, or prostatic abscess.
Trauma: Urethra, causing stricture (narrowing) due to scarring.
Non-infectious/Acquired diseases: Urolithiasis (urethra, bladder).
Miscellaneous disorders: Dysautonomia (abnormal function of the autonomic nervous system) or benign prostatic hyperplasia (non-cancerous prostate enlargement).
Tumors: In prostate, bladder, or urethra.
Congenital/Inherited disorders: Perineal hernia with bladder strangulation.
What to do: Straining to urinate may or may not be an emergency, depending on the cause, duration, and presence of other symptoms. Contact your veterinarian or emergency clinic immediately for specific advice about your dog’s situation.
Disclaimer: DogChannel.com’s Dog Medical Conditions are intended for educational purposes only. They are not meant to replace the expertise and experience of a professional veterinarian. Do not use the information presented here to make decisions about your dog’s ailment. If you notice changes in your dog’s health or behavior, please take your pet to the nearest veterinarian or an emergency pet clinic as soon as possible.