Cold-Weather Conditioning for Your Dog

How to keep your dog in shape during the winter.

Border CollieKeeping a performance dog in shape year-round can be a challenge, especially in areas where nasty winter weather can force you inside for days or weeks on end.

But don’t despair. Although you can’t herd livestock or go on a jog with 6 inches of snow on the ground, and freezing rain makes setting up agility equipment impossible, you can still establish habits that will keep your dog fit until spring.

Exercise options

If your dog is used to vigorous exercise, be it catching flying discs, running around the agility course, or zooming to and from a flyball box, he will become physically frustrated, mentally disoriented and possibly stressed if you suddenly stop his normal exercise routine at the first cold snap. Dogs like their routines, and many – even well-adjusted athletes – don’t handle sudden change well.

Constant stress can be subtle. You might not realize that your dog is uncomfortable as a result of what you view as a reasonable change. Humans understand that cold weather means we sometimes can’t exercise outside, but we can’t explain that to our dogs.

Don’t stop exercising, just change how you do it. Keep your dog’s body healthy and his mind stable with one or more of these ideas:

Indoor training. Sign up for classes at a club or training school with indoor facilities. Some agility centers offer indoor lessons, so you can continue to practice during the cold months. (Your dog might have to get used to working indoors, where the surfaces, smells and noises are different from those outside.)

If agility isn’t your thing, try other activities, such as canine freestyle, where you and your dog perform choreographed routines to music. For a good workout, incorporate bending, jumping and trotting into the repertoire.

Swimming. One of the best forms of exercise for humans also benefits dogs. A quick Internet search shows that many metropolitan areas have indoor swimming centers for canines. Rental rates average just under $50 an hour for one dog. If your veterinarian has a hydrotherapy tank or can refer you to another facility in your area that has one, this can be another way to provide a water workout.

Hydrotherapy tanks with treadmills are frequently used to help dogs recover from joint, muscle, tendon and bone injuries. The dog is placed inside the dry tank, on a stationary treadmill. The tank is filled with water to about the dog’s mid-chest level, then the treadmill is turned on. The dog has to walk; otherwise he will bump into the tank’s back wall. Walking in water, like swimming, is a non-impact aerobic activity, so there’s no pressure on the joints.

Treadmills. If your dog is used to a heavy workout, you might want to purchase a treadmill for winter use. A treadmill offers a good cardiovascular workout, and some models incline so your dog can get an even better workout. However, treadmills cost several hundred dollars, so don’t buy one unless you’re serious about using it. Consider a model made for dogs that prevents hair and drool from damaging the equipment.
Walking. On nice days, go for an outdoor walk or run with your dog. Snowbanks can force you to travel in the street, so be aware of road conditions and traffic. Better, find a park with pathways where you won’t have to worry about vehicles.

Dog Massage

Anyone who’s had a good massage knows how relaxing muscle manipulation can be. In many parts of the country, massage therapists can provide your dog a rubdown. You can also learn how to massage your dog yourself.

Look for someone who specializes in canine massage; massaging dogs isn’t the same as massaging humans. If you decide to do it yourself, get educated first. Don’t just blindly start rubbing your dog; you could do more harm than good. Simply patting or rubbing a dog can actually cause him to become stimulated, even if your goal was relaxation.

Dog Hydration

Snow seems to bring the puppy out in most dogs. But while they romp, run, burrow, and gallop, you need to remember that snow play is hard, thirsty work. In the summer, we know our dogs need water when they pant and their tongues loll. Cooler temperatures in winter allow dogs to play longer, but drinking enough water is just as critical.

“Hydration is always important for a dog, and fresh water should be available at all times, even in the winter,” says Andrea Straka, VMD, of Irondequoit Animal Hospital in Rochester, N.Y. “Playing inside games during the winter is also thirsty work as many heating systems keep houses very dry in the winter, increasing a dog’s water requirement.”

Inside or out, make sure your dog stays hydrated this winter by following these tips:

  • Take frequent breaks during the activity to offer water.
  • Encourage your dog to drink before the fun begins. Many dogs get caught up in the excitement of play and refuse to drink.
  • Be sure the water bowl at home is always full. Remember dry heat makes water that sits out evaporate more quickly.

Dog Food Considerations

If your dog is lazing around more than usual this winter, curtail your dog’s food intake to avoid weight gain. Athletes often eat more than the average pet. If your dog isn’t working out consistently, he will put on pounds. Talk to your veterinarian or a canine nutritionist to find out the best amount to feed your dog to keep him healthy without creating a chunky chowhound.

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Dogs · Health and Care