Cat Spay and Neuter FAQ

Get answers to common questions about lifesaving spay and neuter surgery for cats.

Some pet parents say they don’t alter their cats because surgery is too invasive or dangerous for their animal to undergo. The benefits of altering cats, however, are large and lifesaving. Here are several frequently asked questions about spay/neuter surgery answered by The Doris Day Animal Foundation.

Q: What does it mean to spay and neuter?

Spaying and neutering, the most common surgical procedures performed on cats, prevent them from being able to reproduce. Females undergo spay surgery, called ovariohysterectomy, which involves removing the ovaries and uterus. Males have neuter surgery, called orchidectomy, where the cats testicles are removed.

Q: Does spay and neuter surgery hurt?
Veterinarians provide cats with general anesthesia so the surgery itself is painless. Any discomfort a cat experiences afterward is minimal and part of the normal healing process. Most cats recover quickly, resuming normal activity within three days.

Q: Does spaying and neutering provide any other health benefits?
Yes. Spaying greatly reduces the risk of breast cancer and prevents various reproductive tract disorders. Neutering often resolves undesirable behaviors such as aggression, spraying and roaming, and eliminates the risk of various testicular diseases.

Q: Does spaying and neutering make cats less protective?

No. Any changes brought about by spaying or neutering are generally positive. Neutered male cats usually stop territorial spraying. Neutered cats tend to fight less and are less likely to become lost due to straying from home in search of a mate. Spayed cats do not go into heat or need to be confined indoors to avoid pregnancy. Cats do not become less protective or loyal to their owners as a result of being altered.

Q: Is it really necessary to neuter males? Males don’t give birth!
The old saying “it takes two to tango” is as true for cats as it is for humans. Even if you can keep your male cat under control at all times, accidents do happen and he may escape. In fact, he will likely try repeatedly to escape. Male cats roaming in search of a mate are susceptible to being injured by traffic and in fights with other males. And while a female cat can only have one litter at a time, male cats can impregnate many females each day.

Q: When should I spay or neuter my cat?
As early as possible! Although cats traditionally are altered at six months, many veterinarians now practice early-age spay/neuter surgery, which can be performed on cats as young as six to eight weeks. Doctors practicing this technique report that the surgery is significantly easier and quicker to perform; owners who have had early-age spay/neuter performed on their pets report fewer medical problems than those who have older pets altered; and spaying or neutering homeless pets before adopting them out is the best way to prevent unwanted births.

Q: Is spaying and neutering expensive?

Although to some pet owners the cost of surgery may seem high initially, it’s a bargain when compared with the cost of raising a litter of kittens. Spaying and neutering also saves taxpayer dollars. A recent survey of 186 shelters revealed an average cost of $176 to handle each homeless animal*a cost that ultimately comes out of taxpayer dollars.

While prices for spay/neuter surgery vary considerably, many humane societies, welfare organizations and municipal animal care and control departments will spay/neuter animals at a reduced fee for people who truly need themthose struggling to make ends meet on a low income, animal rescue workers such as those who trap and neuter feral cats and Good Samaritans who are paying for someone else’s animal(s).

Spaying or neutering is as vital to your pet’s health and happiness as routine physical examinations, good nutrition, grooming, playtime and love.

* Wenstrup, John, and Alexis Dowidchuk, “Pet Overpopulation: Data and Measurement Issues in Shelters,” Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 2(4), 1999, 303-319.

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