That was the word on December 6, 2012, from the American Veterinary Medical Association, which released the 2012 U.S. Pet Ownership & Demographics Sourcebook, a survey taken every five years to measure the state of pet care and pet ownership in the United States.
The AVMA found that 3.5 percent of dog owners and 9.6 percent of cat owners swear off all veterinary visits. In addition, 10.8 percent of dog owners and 27.1 percent of cat owners visit a veterinarian only when the animal is sick.
The latter percentages translated to 7.5 million dogs and 20 million cats that see a veterinarian only when they’re ailing.
“What is most perplexing is that so many dog and cat owners understand that routine check-ups and preventive health care are important for their pets,” said AVMA president Doug Aspros, DVM. “Nearly 90 percent of dog owners and 75 percent of cat owners surveyed indicated that routine check-ups and preventive care are either very or somewhat important.”
Regular veterinary visits are crucial to an animal’s overall health, Dr. Aspros said.
“What’s important to remember is that preventive pet care can help save…money,” he stated. “Potential health problems in pets can be diagnosed early — and costs can be reduced — if our pets visit the veterinarian on a regular basis.”
Of the owners of specialty and exotic pets, ferret owners were most likely to take their pet to the veterinarian. In 2011, 30.7 percent of ferret owners took their pet to the veterinarian, followed by 19 percent of guinea pig owners and 16.7 percent of rabbit owners.
Spending on veterinary care for dogs totaled $19.1 billion in 2011, up more than 18 percent from five years earlier, the AVMA added. Cat owners spent $7.4 billion in 2011, a rise of 4.2 percent. Specialty and exotic pet owners spent a little more than half a billion, an increase of 35 percent from 2006.
The survey also asked about the human-animal bond.
About 66 percent of dog owners considered their dogs to be family members, up from 53.5 percent in 2006, the AVMA reported. More than half of cat owners, or 56 percent, said their cats were family members, up from 49.4 percent in 2006.
“The human-animal bond is stronger than ever, but we are very concerned that pets may not be getting the preventive health care they need,” Aspros reiterated.
While 56 percent of households owned a pet in 2011, the percentage fell by 2.4 percent from 2006, mostly because of economic conditions, the AVMA reported. The survey counted 70 million pet dogs and 74.1 million pet cats. For the specialty and exotic pets, it counted 3,210,000 rabbits; 1,362,000 guinea pigs; 1,146,000 hamsters and 748,000 ferrets.
Specialty or exotic pets were in 10.6 percent of households in 2011, down from 12.7 percent five years earlier. Bird ownership also fell, from 3.9 percent of households to 3.1 percent, and horse ownership declined from 1.8 percent to 1.5 percent.
The AVMA, founded in 1863 and headquartered in Schaumburg, Illinois, has more than 82,500 member veterinarians worldwide.
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